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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 28(4); 2019 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2019;28(4):344-352.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2019.28.4.344    Published online January 13, 2020.
Association of Basic Psychological Needs with Recovery Attitude in Inpatients with Alcohol Use Disorders based on the Self-Determination Theory.
Jae Woon Lee, Kinoh Kang
1Advanced Practice Nurse, Department of Nursing, Bugok National Hospital, Changnyeong, Korea.
2Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Masan University, Chanwon, Korea. kinokang@masan.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of autonomy, competence, and relationship on the recovery attitude of inpatients with alcohol use disorder. METHODS: This descriptive correlational study was based on the basic psychological needs theory, which is a sub-theory of self-determination theory (SDT). Study participants were 158 inpatients with alcohol use disorder from four mental hospitals in two areas. Data were collected from self-report questionnaires administered in September and October 2019. Data were analyzed using the t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and the multiple linear regression with IBM SPSS 22.0. RESULTS: Recovery attitude showed a positive correlation with autonomy (r=.62, p < .001), competence (r=.40, p < .001), and relationship (r=.33, p < .001). The results of the regression indicate the autonomy and competence explained 39% of the recovery attitude (R2=.40, F=51.04, p < .001). CONCLUSION: The results suggest that autonomy and competence play integral roles in the recovery attitude of inpatients with alcohol use disorders. Thus, mental health practitioners should develop psychological need-based interventions to improve the autonomy, competence, and recovery attitude of inpatients' with alcohol use disorder.
Key Words: Alcoholism; Health services needs and demand; Hospitalization; Mental health recovery; Motivation


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