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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 28(4); 2019 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2019;28(4):287-297.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2019.28.4.287    Published online January 13, 2020.
Development of the Short Form Adolescent Parenting Stress Scale.
Kyung Mi Sung, Seung Min Lee
1Professor, College of Nursing · Institute of Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea.
2Adjunct Professor, Department of Nursing, Masan University, Changwon, Korea. terra8114@hanmail.net
Abstract
PURPOSE
This study aimed to develop the Short Form Adolescent Parenting Stress Scale (APSS) to assess primary mental health of middle aged women with adolescent child. METHODS: Data were collected from 210 middle aged women with adolescent children from two large cities in South Korea. Self-reported data were collected in September 2018. Using SPSS/WIN 21.0 version, an exploratory factor analysis was conducted to verify construct validity. Pearson's correlation coefficients and intra-class coefficient between original scale and the short form were evaluated for convergent validity. Reliability was tested using Cronbach's α. RESULTS: The Short Form-APSS consisted of 3 sub-scales among 34 items: adolescent domain (11 items/4 factors); parent domain (13 items/5 factors); and adolescent-parent relationship domain (10 items/3 factors). It was observed to have strong explanation (adjusted R2=.98) and high correlation (r=.99) with the original APSS. The Short Form-APSS demonstrated sufficient level of intra-class coefficient (α=.99) and internal consistency (α=.94). CONCLUSION: The Short Form-APSS is valid and reliable to measure adolescent parenting stress amongst Korean mothers. It can be used for development and evaluation of parents' role in education programs for improving adolescent mental health.
Key Words: Adolescent; Child; Parenting; Stress, Psychological; Surveys and questionnaires


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