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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 27(3); 2018 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2018;27(3):293-302.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2018.27.3.293    Published online October 16, 2018.
Mediating Effects of Self Efficacy and Self-Control in Nursing Students' Smartphone Addiction.
Seunghyun Lee, Jeongyee Bae
1Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Taegu Science University, Daegu, Korea.
2Professor, Department of Nursing, Inje University · Inje University Institute for International Safe Community, Korea. jibai@inje.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
The purposes of this study were to investigate the factor of smartphone addiction based on Agnew's general strain theory and examine the mediating effects of self efficacy and self-control in the identified model of the nursing students. METHODS: Study participants were 292 nursing students recruited from 3 universities. Self-reported data were collected in September 2015 from structured questionnaires. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient, exploratory factor analyses, and structural equation modeling. RESULTS: Self efficacy and self-control have a direct effect on smartphone addiction in the nursing students. The relationship between depression and smartphone addiction was fully mediated by self efficacy and self-control. However, the relationships of smartphone addiction shares with college adaptation and stress were partially mediated by depression, self efficacy, and self-control. CONCLUSION: Our study findings may be used as baseline information to develop preventive intervention programs for nursing students. Nursing educators and clinicians should encourage students' self-control, improve self efficacy when dealing with those with smartphone addiction, emphasize adaptation to college, and help manage stress and depression.
Key Words: Smartphone; Behavior, addictive; Depression; Self efficacy; Self-control


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