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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 20(3); 2011 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2011;20(3):315-324.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2011.20.3.315    Published online September 30, 2011.
Effects of Perception of Job Stress and Stress Coping Style on Mental Health of Firefighters.
Ho Jin Lee, Hee Sook Kim, Sang Yeon Park
1Daegu Junggu Community Mental Health Center, Korea.
2College of Nursing, Kyungpook National University, Korea. hskim8879@knu.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
This study was conducted to identify factors which influence mental health of firefighters. METHODS: Participants in this study were firefighters from D city who were doing activities like extinguishing fire or rescuing sufferer at fire or accident scenes. A survey was conducted from September 14 to 24, 2010. Research tools were perception of job stress, problems-focused coping, seeking social support, emotion-focused coping, and wishful thinking coping which are sub-domain of coping stress, and SCL-90-R. Data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN 14.0, and included t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Scheffe back-testing. Pearson's correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression were also conducted to identify factors influencing mental health. RESULTS: Mental health was positively correlated with perception of job stress, emotion-focused coping, and wishful thinking coping. Effective variables were perception of job stress (beta=.38, p<.001), emotion-focused coping (beta=.28, p<.001), and problemfocused coping (beta=-.15, p=.012). These variables explained 26% of the variance in mental health. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that improvements in problem-focused coping and decreases in perception of job stress and emotion-focused coping are important in promoting the mental health of firefighters.
Key Words: Firefighter; Mental health; Job stress; Coping


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